Souvenirs de mer

25 janvier 2007

Information sur le GMDSS aujourd’hui

Abonné de quelques listes de diffusion e-mail Internet, j’ai reçu ce qui suit :
- "Report of STCW re GMDSS revalidation"

Désolé, c’est en Anglais et n’ai pas eu le temps de le mettre en français. C’est rédigé dans un anglais technique simple et je crois que presque tout le monde lit l’anglais ici.

- De : "David J. Ring, Jr." n1ea@arrl.net
- Sujet : [Sparks List] (revu le 2 Avril 2009)

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Station radio aux normes "GMDSS" du CMA CGM Nabucco

Report of STCW re GMDSS revalidation
- Date : Mardi 21 Février 15:27
- Very Interesting reading....
- There is some truly fascinating stuff in here...
- Note 12.7............ and the responses......

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Un petit tour dans les antennes, sans perdre la boule

- CITATION - Sir Humphrey would be proud.

- 12 REVALIDATION OF GMDSS OPERATORS CERTIFICATE

- 12.1 The Sub-Committee recalled that MSC 78, noting the concern of COMSAR 8 on the performance of GMDSS operator�s certificate holders
on board ships, had instructed the STW Sub-Committee to further
consider revalidation matters in line with the existing provisions of the STCW Code (MSC 78/26, paragraph 16.30).

- 12.2 The Sub-Committee also recalled that STW 36 had noted that the request of COMSAR 8 and the statistical evidence provided by Norway,
supported by anecdotal evidence from Germany and the United Kingdom,
indicated that there was a problem related to the performance of
GMDSS operator�s certificate holders ; and had invited Member
Governments, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental
organizations to submit results of data available, and proposals to
address this issue including the effectiveness of the methodology of
revalidation used by Member States.

- 12.3 The Sub-Committee finally recalled that STW 36 had invited the
Committee to add a new work programme item `Performance of GMDSS
operators certificate holders as a new work programme item and
include it in the agenda for STW 37.

- 12.4 The Sub-Committee noted that COMSAR 9, noting the above request of STW 36 had invit ! ed the Committee to change the title to Revalidation of GMDSS operator�s certificate�. MSC 80 had concurred
with the recommendations of both STW 36 and COMSAR
9 and had added a corresponding new work programme item with a target
completion date of 2007 and included it in the agenda for STW 37.

- 12.5 ISF (STW 37/12) expressed the opinion that no change was needed with regard to GMDSS certificate revalidation and that ongoing
training through normal use and drills on board was the best way to
ensure that competency was maintained.

- 12.6 India (STW 37/12/1) expressed the opinion, noting the
discussions at STW 33 and STW 36, that it was not appropriate to
propose re-examination of GMDSS certificate holders under the
provisions of the STCW Convention, as these certificates had been
issued under the provisions of the Radio regulations. In order to
address the problem, and since maritime Administrations issued STCW
endorsement for ! GMDDS certificates, they proposed a short refresher
course for revalidation of STCW endorsement to cover the operational
aspects of GMDSS equipment on board ships, including the use of new
technology such as Fleet 77, Mini-M, AIS, Long-Range AIS, SSA, VDR, etc.

- 12.7 Norway (STW 37/12/2) informed the Sub-Committee that radio
surveys had revealed that navigators holding GMDSS radio operator�s
certificates were not sufficiently familiar with the technical and
operational distress and safety procedures for the radio equipment on
board the ships they were serving.

The surveys also indicated that the maintenance of reserve source of
energy had not been conducted properly which resulted in inadequate
performance of the radio installation.
Furthermore, many operators lacked the knowledge on how to avoid
transmitting false distress alerts.

Norway stated that the STCW Code table A-IV/2 provided the various
competences needed fo ! r GMDSS operators and included communications
during SAR and emergencies. During the five-year validity period of
the certificate, most radio operators gained little or very limited
experience on communications related to SAR and emergencies.
Therefore, in Norway�s view, options listed in section A-I/11 of the
STCW Code were not sufficient to establish adequate competence for
communication during SAR and emergencies.

In Norway�s view the most simple and effective way to establish
whether or not a radio operator continued to have adequate competence
regarding all types of radio communication was through a limited test
once every five years.

- 12.8 The delegation of the United Kingdom expressed the view that
limited testing as an answer to the problems identified by Norway was
not appropriate. In their opinion, it was essential that radio
operators should have adequate familiarization with the equipment on
board the vessel, man ! dated through the ship�s Safety Management
System and imposed by rigorous port State control.

- 12.9 The delegation of Ukraine informed the Sub-Committee that they were already conducting refresher and updating courses for radio
operators before revalidating the certificates and proposed such
revalidation as mandatory every five years.

- 12.10 The delegation of the United States, agreeing with the issues identified by Norway, supported the proposal for the development of a refresher training and expressed the view that a further study was
required to establish the modalities for such a course.

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Station radio du 4 mâts Pamir (indicatif DKET) ou la radio des années cinquantes.

- 12.11 Many delegations supported the view expressed by the United Kingdom and agreed that the basic lack of skills identified by Norway could be addressed through proper familiarization of the seafarer
with the equipment on board within the provisions of the ISM Code and
rigorous port State control inspections. They also agreed that as such, there was no need to amend the STCW Convention. In this context, they also suggested that it would be appropriate to issue an MSC circular on familiarization of the seafarers with the equipment on board.

- 12.12 The delegation of the Republic of Korea, agreeing with the
proposal for a short refresher course proposed by India, expressed
concern that the measures proposed by Norway would require competent
radio operators also to undergo testing every five years and hence
would be an unnecessary burden on them.

As an alternative they suggested to develop an MSC circular urging
each Administration to review its present system of GMDSS training
and certification to ensure its effectiveness and for the next five
years flag State and port State inspectors to carry out a
concentrated campaign for GMDSS radio operators, and only those who
are found to be lacking the necessary skills to either undergo a
refresher course or an a ! pproved re-examination depending on the
Administrations discretion.

- 12.13 The delegation of Germany, supported by many others, expressed the view that in order to ensure that seafarers were familiar with
the equipment on board, there was an urgent need to standardize the
GMDSS equipment on board ships along with operational procedures. In
this context, they also indicated that these issues should be brought
to the attention of the World Radio Conference (WRC) scheduled to
take place in 2007.

- 12.14 The ICFTU observer stated that the proposed training course would create a burden on the seafarer, as they would have to undergo these courses during their normal leave. He supported the proposal for familiarization with the equipment on board.

- 12.15 The delegation of Japan did not support the proposal by Norway as STW 33 had already agreed that no amendment was required to the Convention and that it would create a conflict w ! ith requirements for deck and engine departments. Furthermore, in their opinion there was no need for any mandatory requirements for certificate renewal.

- 12.16 The Sub-Committee agreed that there was a real skills problems associated with GMDSS operators and that the long-term solution could be addressed through standardization of equipment and operating procedures. In this context, the Sub-Committee agreed to invite
COMSAR 10 to include this in the IMO liaison statement to WRC 2007..
As an immediate solution, the Sub-Committee prepared an MSC circular
on promoting and verifying continued familiarization of GMDSS
operators on board ships, as set out in annex 4 and invited the
Committee to approve it.

- 12.17 The Sub-Committee agreed, as the work theren on had been completed, to invite the Committee to delete this item from its work
programme (see agenda item 15).

- ANNEX 4 DRAFT MSC CIRCULAR PROMOTING AND VERIFYING CONTINUED FAMILIARIZATION OF GMDSS OPERATORS ON BOARD SHIPS
- 1 The Maritime Safety Committee, at its [eighty-first session (10 to 19 May 2006)], following the proposals made by the Sub-Committee on
Standards of Training and Watchkeeping at its thirty-seventh session, approved the recommendations concerning promoting and verifying continued familiarization of GMDSS operators on board ships, set out in the attached annex.
- 2 Member Governments are invited to bring the annexed recommendations
to the attention of all parties concerned for consideration and
action, as appropriate.

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Station Radio GMDSS du câblier Léon Thévenin

ANNEX :
- PROMOTING AND VERIFYING CONTINUED FAMILIARIZATION OF GMDSS OPERATORS ON BOARD SHIPS

- 1/ There has been concern that many GMDSS operators on board ships
have a lack of familiarization regarding operational performance
during Distress, Urgency and Safety communications, as well as with
simple technical elements, which is vital for the safety ! of life at
sea.

- 2/ Taking into account the above concerns, it is recommended that :

1 the ship�s safety management system should provide for all
personnel who may be required to operate the GMDSS equipment to
receive familiarization and ship-specific training, on joining the
ship, and at appropriate intervals thereafter ;

2 familiarization, drills and onboard training of the GMDSS
equipment should allow GMDSS operators to demonstrate their
familiarization at any time ;

3 such familiarization should be verified during flag State
inspections or port State control ; and

4 if such verification turns out to be negative, the Company should
take appropriate measures according to the flag State Administration
requirements.

ADVERTISEMENT Contained in the email I received !!! Looking for GMDSS information ?
- See (sea ?) www.gmdss.info is the place to go...
- Densham and Associates - the GMDSS specialists -
- FIN DE CITATION -

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Un Satcom Inmarsat A - En 1979 déjà...

Premiers Commentaires "perso" :
- J’en étais sûr !! On (les officiers radio-électroniciens de la marine marchande) les avait pourtant prévenus frénétiquement même parfois, que cela arriverait. Contrairemement à ce qui s’est souvent pensé à l’époque du grand débat, il ne s’agissait pas "seulement" de la conservation d’un certain nombre de postes de travail à bord, utiles au demeurant au-delà de la sécurité en mer...
- Je m’en veux de manquer d’objectivité, mais je n’ai eu que des "retours négatifs" de ce fameux GMDSS Depuis sa mise en service complète avec suppression de l’obligation de présence d’un R/O à bord...
- Certains de ces "retours d’information" provenaient d’autre part, de personnes fort peu suspectables de complaisance avec la dite "corporation".

ADDITIF (reçu le 3 Avril 2009) :
- De : RADIO OFFICERS INFO
- Date : 2/04/2009 14:06:32
- Sujet : 500 kHz and its future
- Morse

FROM IMO COMSAR
- "Interesting snippet from the recent IMO COMSAR meeting."

4.75 The Sub-Committee recalled that, at COMSAR 12, it had considered the proposalby IFSMA to preserve the heritage of the important frequency 500 kHz, and that it was considered that this frequency could be better used in future. The Sub-Committee had also considered it necessary to be very careful not to lose access to this very important frequency band, currently controlled in the maritime environment.

4.76 The Sub-Committee noted that WP 5B had sent a liaison statement to WP 5A on studies related to WRC-11 Agenda item 1.23 stating that, prior to identification of preferred frequency bands for secondary amateur allocations in the 415-526.5 kHz bands, the maritime service must first consider existing and future requirements for ship and port safety spectrum in existing maritime spectrum to solve Agenda item 1.10. It was also noted that the band was also under study for the provision of future systems for enhancing of safety of navigation at sea (e-navigation applications).
- Fin de citation -
- Note personnelle : D’un stricte point de vue de la sécurité, ceci me semble une bonne chose. D’autre part, nous avons eu assez de "retour d’information" à propos du GMDSS depuis plus de 10 ans qu’il est "en servcie", pour savoir que sa fiabilité peut être fort douteuse....
- Mais le retour de l’obligation de la maîtrise du code Morse à bord, n’est pas une chose évidente.

Bien navicalement - Thierry R. BRESSOL OR1

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Station radio du cargo français Zeebruge (1970), tout a changé depuis, mais les vrais problèmes sont toujours là, encore plus gros...

Histoire de la RADIO & des Télécommunications Maritimes :
- Evolution de la Radio et de toute l’Electronique de bord
- La Radio et la navigation maritime
- Information sur le GMDSS aujourd’hui
- Station radio de navire utilisée à quai
- L’Homme Moderne et le Navtex

- La "mitraillette" des Ondes Courtes
- Pourquoi à Vichy ?
- La guerre des Câbles sous-marins A propos ! J’ai été sympathiquement piraté :
- L’USS J. Carter et Agoravox pour illustrer mes explications.
- Intox ? Napoléon, la Marine et l’avance technologique...
- Rumeur des Ondes
- Le Danger des Radiations Electro-magnétiques
- Marconi
- Bellini et Tosi à Dieppe en 1906
- Histoire commune du Radar de Navigation et de la TV
- Panne de radar au Brésil
- Radar en panne à bord de l’Esso Normandie 4
- Problème Radio au large

- RADIO-ARCHEOLOGIE
- Saint Lys Radio en fin d’année
- 500 Khz Le centenaire
- La St-Valentin du François Vieljeux (le 14 Fév. 2009)

- Le Secret des Radiocommunications
- Zef Radio à l’Ecole Hydro de Nantes et le Code Morse
- Chats opérateurs
- Le système de TOR Suèdois "Maritex"

- Microsoft dans tous ses états
- Le PC Portable Marin (car pour naviguer il faut du solide !)
- Réflexions Informatiques

- Par Michel Bougard R/O :
- Reportage à la station côtière Oostendradio 1/2
- Reportage à la station côtière Oostendradio 2/2

- Titanic et Radio Très intéressant ! (14 Avril)
- N’oublions pas le Cdt Camille Tissot, précurseur de l’usage des technologies Radio-maritimes, effectivement ! Il était une fois, un Homme Moderne.

A propos de l'auteur

Thierry BRESSOL

Officier radio-électronicien de 1ère classe de la marine marchande (1978/1991)
- Animateur de formation technique & Consultant Telecom GSM en SSII
- Rédacteur/correcteur


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